vital health laboratory

References

Ruscus

Anonymous. Ruscus aculeatus (butcher's broom). Monograph. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Dec;6(6):608-12. Full text (PDF): www.thorne.com

Bone Kerry. Butcher's broom: evidence-based phytotherapy for venous conditions - Phytotherapy Review & Commentary. Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. Canada, 2003. [Accessed 21 November 2006]. www.findarticles.com
Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (Ed). Expanded Commission E Monographs, American Botanical Council, published in collaboration with Integrative Medicine Communications, USA, 2000.
Chase C. Efficacy of Butcher's Broom in Chronic Venous Insufficiency. HerbalGram. 2003;60:21, American Botanical Council, USA, 2003.
National Library of Medicine (Ed). PubMed, NCBI.
PDRHealth. Drug information. Butcher's Broom.
Pizzorno JE Jr, Murray Michael T (Ed). Textbook of Natural Medicine, Churchill Livingstone, USA, 3e edition, 2006. Online version
The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Butcher's Broom
Therapeutic Research Faculty (Ed). Butcher's Broom, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database.
Valnet J. Phytothérapie, Éditions Vigot, France, 2001.
MacKay D, Hemorrhoids and Varicose Veins: A Review of Treatment Options. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Apr;6(2):126-40. Full text
Weiss RF, Fintelmann V. Herbal Medicine. Second edition. Thieme, USA, 2000.

Lucker P, Jost V, et al. Efficacy and safety of ruscus extract compared to placebo in patients suffering from chronic venous insufficiency [abstract]. Phytomedicine. 2000;7(suppl 2):P-155. Study summarized in: The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Butcher's Broom,
Vanscheidt W, Jost V, et al. Efficacy and safety of a Butcher's broom preparation (Ruscus aculeatus L. extract) compared to placebo in patients suffering from chronic venous insufficiency.Arzneimittelforschung. 2002;52(4):243-50.
Consoli A. [ Chronic venous insufficiency: an open trial of FLEBS Crema.] [Article in Italian, abstract in English]. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2003 Aug;51(4):411-6.
Boyle P, Diehm C, Robertson C. Meta-analysis of clinical trials of Cyclo 3 Fort in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency.Int Angiol. 2003 Sep;22(3):250-62.
Bennani A, Biadillah MC, et al. Acute attack of hemorrhoids: efficacy of Cyclo 3 Forte® based on results in 124 cases reported by specialists. Phlebologie 1999;52:89-93. Study reported in: Ruscus aculeatus (butcher's broom). Monograph. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Dec;6(6):608-12. Full text
Studies reported in: Ruscus aculeatus (butcher's broom). Monograph. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Dec;6(6):608-12.
Cluzan RV, Alliot F, et al. Treatment of secondary lymphedema of the upper limb with CYCLO 3 FORT.Lymphology. 1996 Mar;29(1):29-35.Bone Kerry. Butcher's broom: evidence-based phytotherapy for venous conditions - Phytotherapy Review & Commentary. Townsend Letter for Doctors and

Horse chestnut

Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (Ed). Expanded Commission E Monographs, American Botanical Council, published in collaboration with Integrative Medicine Communications, USA, 2000.
Blumenthal M (Ed). The ABC Clinical Guide to Herbs, American Botanical Council, USA 2003.
DerMarderosian A et al. Horse Chestnut, The Review of Natural Products - Facts and Comparisons, USA, 1998.
Drugs.com. Natural Products (Professional). Horse Chestnut. [Accessed 8 June 2011].
Ernst Edzard (Ed). The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Mosby, UK, 2001.
European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (Ed). Hippocastani semen, ESCOP Monographs on the Medicinal Uses of Plants Drugs, Centre for Complementary Health Studies, University of Exeter, UK, 1999.
National Library of Medicine (Ed). PubMed, NCBI.

Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Horse Chestnut, Nature Medicine Quality Standard. [Accessed 8 June 2011]. www.naturalstandard.com
World Health Organization. WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants, vol. 2, Switzerland, 2002.
Pizzorno JE Jr, Murray Michael T (Ed). Textbook of Natural Medicine, Churchill Livingstone, USA, 1999.
Health Canada. Drugs and Health Products. Natural Health Products Ingredients Database. Single Ingredient Monographs.
Schulz V, Hänsel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physicians' Guide to Herbal Medicine, fourth edition, Springer, Germany, 2001.
The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Horse Chestnut, 

Suter A, Bommer S, Rechner J. Treatment of patients with venous insufficiency with fresh plant horse chestnut seed extract: a review of 5 clinical studies. Adv Ther. 2006 Jan-Feb;23(1):179-90.
Pittler MH, Ernst E. Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD003230. Review.
Siebert U, Brach M, et al. Efficacy, routine effectiveness, and safety of horse chestnut seed extract in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and large observational studies.Int Angiol 2002 Dec;21(4):305-15.
Rehn D, Unkauf M, et al. Comparative clinical efficacy and tolerability of oxerutins and horse chestnut extract in patients with chronic venous insufficiency.Arzneimittelforschung 1996 May;46(5):483-7.
Diehm C, Trampisch HJ, et al. Comparison of leg compression stocking and oral horse-chestnut seed extract therapy in patients with chronic venous insufficiency.Lancet 1996 Feb 3;347(8997):292-4.
Geissbühler S, Degenring FH. 1999. Treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with Aesculaforce Vein Gel.Schweiz Zschr Ganzheits Medizin 11:82-87. Study reported in: Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (Ed). Expanded Commission E Monographs, American Botanical Council, published in collaboration with Integrative Medicine Communications, USA, 2000.
Yoshikawa M, Murakami T, et al. Bioactive saponins and glycosides. III. Horse chestnut. (1): The structures, inhibitory effects on ethanol absorption, and hypoglycemic activity of escins Ia, Ib, IIa, IIb, and IIIa from the seeds of Aesculus hippocastanum L. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1996 Aug;44(8):1454-64.
Clinical efficacy of horsechestnut seed extract in the treatment of venous ulceration. Leach MJ, Pincombe J, Foster G. J Wound Care. 2006 Apr;15(4):159-67.
Aescin: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and therapeutic profile. Sirtori CR. Pharmacol Res. 2001 Sep;44(3):183-93.
[Double blind study of reparil in proctology]. Pirard J, Gillet P, et al. Rev Med Liege. 1976 May 15;31(10):343-5.

Hamamelis

Health natural pharmacy, Dr Donadieu. Hamamelis.
Barnes Joan, Anderson A. Linda, Phillipson David J. Herbal Medicines, Pharmaceutical Press, Great Britain, 2002, 2e edition.
Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (Ed). Expanded Commission E Monographs, American Botanical Council, published in collaboration with Integrative Medicine Communications, USA, 2000.
European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (Ed). Hamamelidis folium, ESCOP Monographs on the Medicinal Uses of Plants Drugs. Centre for Complementary Health Studies, University of Exeter, Great Britain, 1997.
Marie-Victorin. Laurentian Flora. Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 1964.
Mills S, Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, Harcourt Publishers, Great Britain, 2000.
National Library of Medicine (Ed). PubMed, NCBI.
Natural Standard (Ed). Herbs & Supplements - Witch hazel, Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural and Alternative Treatments, Herbs & Supplements - Witch hazel, 

Seeberger, J. Z Phytother 1979. Moosmann EB, Fortschr Med 1990; 109 (116): 5-6. Moosmann EB, Fortschr Med 1990; 109 (116): 7-8. Knoch HG Fortschr Med, 1992. Studies conducted in Germany, not available in English. Summarised in: Mills S, Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, Harcourt Publishers, UK, 2000, page 592.
Wokalek,H, Deut Dermatol, 1995. Pfister R, Fortschr Med, 1981. Swoboda M, J. Z Phytother, 1991. Studies conducted in Europe, not available in English. Summarised in: Mills S, Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, Harcourt Publishers, Great Britain, 2000, pages 592 and 593.
Korting HC, Schafer-Korting M, et al. Comparative efficacy of hamamelis distillate and hydrocortisone cream in atopic eczema. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1995;48(6):461-Studies conducted in Germany, not available in English. Summarised in: Mills S, Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy, Churchill Livingstone, Harcourt Publishers, UK, 2000.
Korting HC, Schafer-Korting M, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of hamamelis distillate applied topically to the skin. Influence of vehicle and dose. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1993;44(4):315-8.
Hughes-Formella BJ, Bohnsack K, et al. Anti-inflammatory effect of hamamelis lotion in a UVB erythema test. Dermatology 1998;196(3):316-22
Hughes-Formella BJ, Filbry A, Gassmueller J, Rippke F. Anti-Inflammatory Efficacy of Topical Preparations with 10% Hamamelis Distillate in a UV Erythema Test.Skin Pharmacol Appl Skin Physiol. 2002 Mar-Apr;15(2):125-32.
Wolff HH, Kieser M. Hamamelis in children with skin disorders and skin injuries: results of an observational study. Eur J Pediatr. 2006 Dec 20.

Red vine

Drugs.com. Natural Products (Professional). Grape Seed. [Accessed 6 May 2011]. www.drugs.com
European Medicine Agency - Science Medicines Health. Herbal medicine for human use. Vitis vinifera L., folium.
National Library of Medicine (Ed). PubMed, NCBI.
Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins

Frankel EN, Kanner J, et al. Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein by phenolic substances in red wine.Lancet 1993 Feb 20;341(8843):454-7.
Bub A, Watzl B, et al. Malvidin-3-glucoside bioavailability in humans after ingestion of red wine, dealcoholized red wine and red grape juice.Eur J Nutr 2001 Jun;40(3):113-20.
Aviram M, Fuhrman B. Wine flavonoids protect against LDL oxidation and atherosclerosis.Ann N Y Acad Sci 2002 May;957:146-61.
Henriet JP. Exemplary study for a phlebotropic substance, the EIVE Study [translated from French]. Fairfield, Conn: Primary Source; not dated. Study referenced and summarized in: Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
Thebaut JF, Thebaut P, Vin F. Study of Endotelon W in functional manifestations of peripheral venous insufficiency. Gaz Med. 1985;92:96-100. Study mentioned and summarized in: Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
Delacroix P. Double-blind study of Endotelon W in chronic venous insufficiency. La Revue de Médecine. Aug/Sept.1981;no.27-28:1793- 1802. Study mentioned and summarised in: Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.

Kiesewetter H, Koscielny J, et al. Efficacy of orally administered extract of red vine leaf AS 195 (folia vitis viniferae) in chronic venous insufficiency (stages I-II). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Arzneimittelforschung 2000 Feb;50(2):109-17.
Kalus U, Koscielny J, et al. Improvement of cutaneous microcirculation and oxygen supply in patients with chronic venous insufficiency by orally administered extract of red vine leaves AS 195: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Drugs R D. 2004;5(2):63-71.
Monsieur R, Van Snick G.[Efficacy of the red vine leaf extract AS 195 in Chronic Venous Insufficiency]. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax. 2006 Jan 25;95(6):187-90.
Schaefer E, Peil H, et al. Oedema protective properties of the red vine leaf extract AS 195 (Folia vitis viniferae) in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency. A 6-week observational clinical trial. Arzneimittelforschung. 2003;53(4):243-6.
Bombardelli E, Morazzoni P. Vitis vinifera L. Fitoterapia 1995; LXVI(4):291-317.
Corbe C, Boissin JP, Siou A. Light vision and chorioretinal circulation. Study of the effect of procyanidolic oligomers (Endotelon)J Fr Ophthalmol. 1988;11(5):453-60.
Parienti JJ, Parienti-Amsellem J. Post traumatic edemas in sports: a controlled test of Endotelon W [translated from French]. Gaz Med Fr. 1983;90:231-236. Study mentioned in: The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins,
Pecking A, Desprez-Curely JP, Megret G. Oligomeric grape flavonols (Endotelon W) in the treatment of secondary upper limb lymphedemas. [source unknown] 1989;69-73. Study cited in: The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins
Baruch J. Effect of Endotelon in postoperative edema. Results of a double-blind study versus placebo in 32 female patients. Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 1984;29:393-395. Study cited in: The Natural Pharmacist (Ed). Natural Products Encyclopedia, Herbs & Supplements - Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins

Schonlau F, Rohdewald P. Pycnogenol for diabetic retinopathy. A review. Int Ophthalmol. 2001;24(3):161-71.
Spadea L, Balestrazzi E. Treatment of vascular retinopathies with Pycnogenol.Phytother Res. 2001 May;15(3):219-23.
Durukan AH, Evereklioglu C, et al. Ingestion of IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract to prevent selenite-induced oxidative stress in experimental cataract.J Cataract Refract Surg. 2006 Jun;32(6):1041-5.
Doganay S, Borazan M, et al. The effect of resveratrol in experimental cataract model formed by sodium selenite.Curr Eye Res. 2006 Feb;31(2):147-53.
A review of evidence on red vine leaf extract in the prevention and management of venous disease. [No authors listed] J Wound Care. 2006 Oct;15(9):393-6. Review.
Rakici O, Kiziltepe U, et al. Effects of resveratrol on vascular tone and endothelial function of human saphenous vein and internal mammary artery. Int J Cardiol. 2005 Nov 2;105(2):209-15.
Preuss HG, Bagchi D, Bagchi M. Protective effects of a novel niacin-bound chromium complex and a grape seed proanthocyanidin extract on advancing age and various aspects of syndrome X.Ann N Y Acad Sci 2002 May;957:250-9.
Evaluation of polyphenol composition in red leaves from different varieties of Vitis vinifera. Schneider E, von der Heydt H, Esperester A. Planta Med. 2008 Apr;74(5):565-72.
Arne JL. Contribution to the study of procyanidolic oligomers: Endotelon in diabetic retinopathy (based on 30 cases). Gaz Med France 1982;89(30):3610-3614. Study cited in: Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard. [Accessed 6 May 2011]. www.naturalstandard.com.
Fromantin M. OPC in the treatment of capillary weakness and retinopathy in diabetics. A propos of 26 cases. Med Int 1982;16(11):432-434. Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
Verin MM, Vildy A, and Maurin JF. Retinopathies and OPC. Bordeaux Medicale 1978;11(16):1467-1474. Natural Standard (Ed). Foods, Herbs & Supplements - Grape seed (Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae), Nature Medicine Quality Standard.
Biomedical effects of grape products. Vislocky LM, Fernandez ML. Nutr Rev. 2010 Nov;68(11):656-70.
Grape polyphenols exert a cardioprotective effect in pre- and postmenopausal women by lowering plasma lipids and reducing oxidative stress. Zern TL, Wood RJ, et al. J Nutr. 2005 Aug;135(8):1911-7.
Concentrated red grape juice exerts antioxidant, hypolipidemic, and antiinflammatory effects in both hemodialysis patients and healthy subjects. Castilla P, Echarri R, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul;84(1):252-62.
Comparative effects of dietary supplementation with red grape juice and vitamin E on production of superoxide by circulating neutrophil NADPH oxidase in hemodialysis patients. Castilla P, Dávalos A, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):1053-61.
Select flavonoids and whole juice from purple grapes inhibit platelet function and enhance nitric oxide release. Freedman JE, Parker C 3rd, et al. Circulation. 2001 Jun 12;103(23):2792-8.
Grape juice, but not orange juice or grapefruit juice, inhibits human platelet aggregation. Keevil JG, Osman HE, et al. J Nutr. 2000 Jan;130(1):53-6.
Effects of grape seed extract consumption on platelet function in postmenopausal women. Shenoy SF, Keen CL, et al. Thromb Res. 2007;121(3):431-2.
Concord grape juice supplementation reduces blood pressure in Korean hypertensive men: double-blind, placebo controlled intervention trial. Park YK, Kim JS, Kang MH. Biofactors. 2004;22(1-4):145-7.
Comparison of the antioxidant effects of Concord grape juice flavonoids alpha-tocopherol on markers of oxidative stress in healthy adults. O'Byrne DJ, Devaraj S, et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Dec;76(6):1367-74.